Maternity Leave And Parental Benefits

In Canada, maternity benefits are paid to the mother for a maximum of 15 weeks, then there are additional parental benefits. Paternal benefits are available to either parent, or split between them, to a combined maximum of 35 weeks. So if the father remains at work, the mother could receive 50 weeks of payments.

The maternity and parental benefits are paid through the Employment Insurance (EI) program. To apply for these benefits you will need:

  • Your Social Insurance Number (SIN)
  • Record of Employment (ROE)
  • Government issued identification
  • Bank information for direct deposit
  • Child’s date of birth, or expected date of birth
  • Employment details such as salary and last day worked

You will receive 55% of your average earnings, up to a maximum weekly payment of $447. This means that if you currently make more than $42,300 a year, you will not receive a full 55% of your income, but will get the maximum $447 a week. This is taxable income and the federal and provincial taxes will be deducted automatically so you will get a lesser amount on your cheque or direct deposit.

Working during your maternity leave will reduce your benefits dollar for dollar so there’s no financial benefit to that. However, when you are on parental benefits you can earn whichever is higher, 25% of your benefit amount or $50. So depending on benefit amount you receive, you can make an additional $50-$111 a week without having your benefit payments reduced.

While still less than you would make while working, maternity and parental benefits are a great way to enable families to take the time off to properly care for their newborn.

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Written by Tom Drake

Tom Drake is the owner and head writer of Canadian Finance Blog. While you’re here, consider signing up for the RSS feed or email subscription. Both deliver the latest articles directly to you everyday! Have a Twitter account? Then follow me for all the latest posts or to send me any comments or questions!

16 Responses to Maternity Leave And Parental Benefits

  1. Canadian CC says:

    When I left on Paternity leave, I received 70% of my income for 5 weeks. Considering that there was things such as my pension plan, QPP (I live in Quebec), I was getting almost the same pay check!

    We are lucky to live in a country with such a great program! Taking 5 weeks with my wife was making everybody’s life easier as I could play with my older one while my wife was taking care of the baby.

  2. Kyle says:

    Canada has definitley got the US beat here. I took two weeks of sick leave / vacation when my baby was born. In addition my wife only gets six weeks of short term disability that we have to opt into and pay for.

  3. nataliejoan says:

    Also worth noting that after the initial baby costs are covered (furniture, diapers, etc.) many people report reduced costs due to lack of commuting, and other work related costs (parking, lunches, wardrobe, etc.) so though salary is lower, the dollar can go a lot further.

  4. FFB says:

    We have to move to Canada! We only get 12 weeks here but it isn’t all paid leave and it’s possible for a new mom to lose medical coverage for a period of time.

  5. Jonnie H says:

    I agree that our system is better than the US and many other countries. The best part, in my opinion, is that most of the time can be used by mom or dad. This would be really helpful if the female head of household has a higher salary.

  6. Manshu says:

    Wow that sounds like a great system right there.

  7. Connie says:

    It is a great system and we are very, very lucky in Canada. I just wanted to point out that I believe the percentage of income you can earn during parental benefits has recently changed and you are now allowed to earn slightly more per week (maximum $179 if you are maxed out on EI benefits).

  8. Ami says:

    Def. have the US beat. Thank goodness!

  9. Chris says:

    I want to add how to Apply for Maternity or Parental Leave:
    1. Provide a notice to your Employer at least 4 weeks in advance of the birth or when you intend to commence the leave;
    2. Complete and sign the Supplemental Unemployment Benefit (SUB) Plan agreement, as described in the following Benefits Section;
    3. Apply for the Pregnancy or Parental Benefits under the Employment Insurance Act

    Hope that this info will help the newbies…

  10. Marietta says:

    There are a lot of changes coming in the 2011 tax law, but I just read about taxes increases this year, like in 2010, there are no tax breaks for unemployment benefits.

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  14. name change on passport says:

    Maternity benefit is not regarded as Income and should not be taxed. However, many employers make the mistake of over taxing their employees whilst they are out on maternity leave. This can happen if you continue to pay your employee their full wage as normal and recover the maternity benefit directly from the Dept of Social Protection.

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